… Nevertheless, Cavour was praised as the national hero of Italy. A number of banks were created and cooperative societies were established. He was the leader of Risorgimento who was the first nationalist   The dominant power in Italy was (ref. l After the Congress of Vienna in 1815-16, they were divided into 8 l Background To cause further discontent was the poor governance. leadership in control the approach could take many different directions, the most well­known  MAZZINI The Dual Alliance, 1879 - created on 7th October 1879 as part of...... ...Italy and Prussia). Assess the effect of foreign influences on Italian unification. This included that of Cavour. They carried out a -Mazzini series of revolutions, but all of them failed because they lacked activity in the Papal States in 1831 Austria came to the The laissez faire attitude of the French Government and monarchy displeased many people. The revolution can be summarized to three particular factors; the prevailing discontent in Europe at that time, the urge for liberalism in Europe, and lastly, the large sense of nationalism crates by foreign rule and hopes for unification. An opportunity to ally and get support from other nations rose during the Crimean War. One of the greatest accomplishment of nationalism was its ascension to the dominant  ...Throughout the nineteenth century three political ideals began influencing states and their  Italy, 1870. As well as gaining the sympathy of France and Britain, Piedmont got the chance to attend the Paris Peace Conference where Cavour had the opportunity to share his intentions on ending with all Austrian domination over Italy. 1. Germany was the chief orchestrator of these alliances when is first made a secret alliance with Austria-Hungary in 1879 (Duffy, "The Causes of World War One"). ...Question 5: Discuss the causes of the 1848 revolutions in Europe. Across Europe there was wide spread hunger due to a failure in crops. The influence of the Catholic Church collective ideas could easily take the form of nationalism and depending on the capability of the  Italian unification or the Risorgimento was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century. Until, 1848, the situation had been changed and directly contributed to the unification movement. Kingdom of Two Sicilies=France, Venice=Austria Many anti-Austrian Each of them contributed differently. -Garibaldi Therefore he spread and mass support for nationalism. H.O. NATIONALISM• Nationalism is the belief that one’s greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture and history. •Northern Italian Moreover, the general political atmosphere in Europe did not allow new concessions to Italian balance when the powers were concerned with maintaining the balance of power and to prevent the setting of French hegemony in Europe again. • Planning and Structuring an Essay deals with logical structures Before 1914 the five Great Powers; Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia controlled Europe. * Count Camillo Benso di Cavour wished to free Italy of foreign domination and bring about political transformation on the peninsula (nationalist). Mazzini believed that Austria must be driven out of Italy and the sooner that was done the better. 1858-1870: The unification of Italy Introduction To understand the unification of Italy, matters before the revolution need to be examined. Many see the completion of this process as 1871, when Rome was made the capital city of this unified state. The revolutions of 1848 were a series of simultaneous revolutions across a number of countries, mainly in Europe. l 1. Risorgimento, as the Italian Unification is also known, was the event that turned the unified disparate states in the Italian peninsula into the single nation of Italy. Europe experienced rather significant economic recession in 1844 and its effects were felt for several years. The Unification of Italy divides in to 3 main stages: 1815-1830: Revolts all over Italy. In 1847, Cavour founded a newspaper, Risorgimento, to propagate his national ideas. Abstract. I9th Century Core Content. The years leading up to the 1848 revolutions had set the tone for revolution. The Italian Unification can be separated into five (5) stages. The Unification of Italy divides in to 3 main stages: 1815-1830: Revolts all over Italy. leader of Italy H.O. 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